Electrical engineering deals with the study, design, and application of equipment, devices, and systems that use electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism.
After the commercialization of the electric telegraph, the telephone, electrical power generation, distribution, and use it became widely accepted in the latter half of the 19th century.
Electrical engineering is divided into various fields such as computer engineering, power engineering, telecommunication, radio-frequency engineering, signal processing, etc.
Electrical engineers hold a degree in electrical engineering or electronic engineering. Practicing engineers may have professional certification which includes the international electrotechnical commission(IEC), the institute of electrical and electronics engineers(IEEE) and the Institution of Engineering Technology(IET).
Electrical engineer involves in various industries and the skills required also varies from industry to industry.
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Advantage of Electrical Engineering
Some of the important public figures of electrical engineering include Thomas Edison(electric light bulb), George Westinghouse(alternating current), Nikola Tesla(Induction motors), Guglielmo Marconi(radio) and Philo T. Farnsworth(television).
These innovators turned ideas and concepts about electricity into practical devices and systems that ushered in the modern age.
1. High salaries
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the highest-paid job in the country comes from the engineering field. In May 2010, the statistics show that electrical engineers earned an average salary of about @90,000.
The region behind getting a hefty amount of salary is due to the complexity of the engineer’s job. Most of the time they deal with the complex issue to solve the problem which may cause deadly electric shock.
Salary also depends upon the technical skills and experience obtained over the years. The below data gives an overview of electrical engineers’ salaries all over the world.
India Rs: 347,610
U.A.E. AED 97,958
The United Kingdom: £31,231
The United States: $99,070
Norway: 638,493 NOK
Netherland: € 44,161
Canada: $77,793 (CAD)
Petroleum engineer gets the highest salary in the industry with base salary not going below $100000 per year.
2. Wide Range of Career Opportunities
Electrical r engineer has the advantage of involving in various industries such as telecommunication, aerospace, automotive, chemical, construction, Defence, electronics, power generation, computers, marine industry, fast-moving consumer goods industries.
Materials and metal industries, rail industry, manufacturing industries, and many more. In such industries, they have to work with other engineers from different disciplines but your role will be to provide electrical engineering expertise.
They also have the benefits of specializing in a particular field to progress in their careers. To have growth in their careers, they have to gain higher qualifications in electrical engineering and a professional engineer license.
3. Job Flexibility
Electrical engineering has the benefits of flexible working hours who cannot give their full time. They can also switch from one company to another company in search of a better job opportunity.
There is great fluidity within the different fields of electrical engineering. Electrical engineer consultants and contractors enjoy the most flexible working schedule.
Disadvantages of Electrical Engineering
1. Limited employment growth
The growth rate of jobs in the electrical engineering field is a mere 2% from 2008 – 2018. This is frustrating as many engineering graduates are in search of a job.
As a result of overseas engineering competition, the probability of finding a job in the electrical engineering field is very less as compared to previous years. Due to the advancement of science and technology the production of robots and automatic instruments replace humans in many areas.
2. Ongoing Education Required
To be familiar with evolving technology, one needs to consistently update their education. For the advancement in their career growth, they have to appear in different exams to get licensure within specific fields such as solid-state electronics, control systems, signal processing, etc.
Some engineering fields are so similar that one can easily transfer to other specialties requiring an update in their skills and knowledge.
3. Risky Occupation
The electrical engineering field is risky when we talk about the injuries that it causes. Sometimes electrical shocks can be deadly causing fatal injuries that even cause death. The main hazards with electricity are:
- Shock and burns due to contact with live parts.
- Results in fire due to faulty connections.
- Results in an explosion, if the potentially flammable or explosive .atmosphere is nearby to the faulty connections.