Last Updated on March 9, 2021 by Filip Poutintsev
The term ‘social enterprise’ has recently gotten momentum as a method for depicting a significant new development in business and enterprise. Social enterprises are not charities, but they do have motives that vary from that entrepreneur who is profit-oriented.
A social enterprise, by definition, is a business with primarily social objectives that reinvest most of its profit into prospering society than maximizing returns to proprietors unlike the non profit organization
In other words, a social enterprise is a legal business type that makes earnings in a socially responsible means. It uses most of the surplus made to aid society. Social entrepreneurs are not operating a charity, but they keep profits.
Social enterprises compete with other enterprises in the same market or industry. They use business standards to attain social objectives.
History of Social Enterprises
Although the social enterprise is relatively a term that has gotten momentum quite recently, it’s usage can be found in one way or another throughout the past.
The social enterprise movement first arose in the 1840s. In Rochdale, a workers’ cooperative was arranged to provide high-quality affordable food in regards to factory conditions that were considered to be exploitative.
In the UK, in the late 1990s, social enterprises started to reappear. Vinoba Brave, the founder of India’s Land Gift Movement, Robert Owen, the founder of the cooperative movement and Florence Nightingale, founder of the first nursing school and developer of modern nursing practices might be included in this category.
They had established such foundations and organizations in the 19th century that is much before the concept of social entrepreneurship used in management.
Characteristics of Social Enterprises
Most social enterprises have these common characteristics:
- They directly manufacture goods or provide services.
- They have social objectives and use responsible ways of accomplishing them.
- They need to make a surplus or earnings to keep up as they cannot completely depend on donations as charities do.
The Triple Bottom Line of a Social Enterprise
Social Enterprises often have three main aims. They are economic, environmental, and social which collectively are known as the triple bottom line.
Social enterprises adopt the three bottom line framework to evaluate their performances in a broader perspective, which also means that profit is not just the sole objective of the business.
Advantages a Social Enterprise
Social enterprise tends to operate with a reason for making an incentive for the general public and furthermore create profit. As the thumb rules, the solutions they offer should be innovative, remarkable, people and environmentally friendly. Cost-effectiveness is additionally an immense thought.
These are difficulties to the sustainability of the social enterprises, yet the ones that can scale these are the ones that can make an immense effect. They are the enterprises that are beneficial to the general public, individuals and the environment.
1. Making an Impact in the Society
The most rewarding feeling to a social business is how you can have an impact on society. Looking at your social enterprise directly changing the lives of others is probably the best part of beginning a business.
2. It is Possible to Receive
When you are starting a social enterprise, you might have the option to get money help from the government or other private investors.
On the off chance that your business is a social enterprise, those chances increase. While it takes some push to search out this assistance, having somebody to back you is justified, despite all the trouble.
3. Easy Marketing
Marketing and Promotion for social enterprises are very easy since a social issue is being handled with a solution, it is simpler to pull in the attention of the people and media. The level of exposure frequently relies upon the level of uniqueness of the arrangement.
4. The feeling of Responsibility to Employee
Employees working for a social enterprise particularly may feel good about themselves because they will understand that they are directly or indirectly contributing to benefiting something in a socially responsible way.
So the outcome of the work can also be more involved, more collaborative, more empowered teams who can make the difference.
5. Making Occupations and Pay Streams
As entrepreneurs, social enterprise advantages the economy by creating employment and salary. In addition to providing occupations, social enterprises additionally use some portion of their benefits to finance projects that can profit the network in general.
This blend of business keenness and social awareness is a major bait to numerous individuals keen on turning out to be social entrepreneurs.
Disadvantages of a Social Enterprise
1. Have to compete with commercials
As mentioned before, social enterprises still have the same business principles just like other regular businesses. So, it has to compete in the commercial market and face the same challenges and risks common to all businesses.
2. Strict Rules and Regulation
The social enterprise will introduce certain controls and restrictions as defined by its constitution and that it will be expected to operate commercially, generating a proportion of its income from trading
3. Constantly Monitor Market
Social enterprises offer unique ideas and products that target distinct communities. Since communities and consumers are always changing, you must constantly monitor your market. Falling behind can result in your business missing the chance to make sales or update your strategy to maintain interest.
As the quantity of social business people keeps on developing, the meaning of social enterprise keeps on advancing.
While there are various things to consider before proclaiming yourself a social business person, adding a social enterprise factor to your business or propelling or non-profit organization can be valuable for you, your business and your picked cause.